Financial Management Manual Integrated Coastal Zone Management

The World Bank is providing assistance to Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) project being implemented by the Government of India (GoI) and the State Governments of Gujarat, Orissa and West Bengal.

India has a coastline of about 7,500 km of which the mainland accounts for 5,400 km, Lakshadweep coasts extend to 132 km and Andaman & Nicobar Islands have a coastline of about 1,900 km (Prof. M. S. Swaminathan Committee Report, 2005). Coastal environment of India plays a vital role in nation’s economy by virtue of the resources, productive habitats and rich biodiversity. The coastline is endowed with a wide range of coastal ecosystems like mangroves, coral reefs, sea grasses, salt marshes, sand dunes, estuaries, lagoons and natural habitats etc. Significant activities in the coastal areas include fishing, ports & harbors, aquaculture, agriculture, tourism, oil and mineral exploitation etc. The coastal activities contribute significantly to the National GDP.

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